Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a prevalent form of mining in Madagascar that relies on manual labor and has low capital investment. This type of mining employs approximately 500,000 people and supports the livelihoods of an additional 2.5 million people (10% of the population) in the country. ASM in Madagascar typically involves the extraction of gemstones and gold, and it often occurs seasonally or when new deposits are discovered. While ASM can provide a source of income and employment for rural communities in Madagascar, it also has negative consequences such as environmental degradation, poor health and safety practices, and social issues such as child labor. The lack of regulation in Madagascar's ASM industry makes it susceptible to external control and can trap miners in a cycle of poverty.
Music to this video: “Temporary” composed and played by Othon @OthonPanMuzik
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